Historical sights

Common info

Burana Tower

Burana Tower is the central monument of the architectural complex, situated to the south-east of the hill. It is an 11th century minaret and was built like most if other minarets to serve as a mosque to call people for praying. No remnants were found, but is possible that the mosque was on west side from the tower. The original minaret was 45 meters high, on the top was a dome-light with four doorways. Nowadays it is 24.5 meters high, because it was destroyed by earthquakes in the 15th centuries, and was restored in 1974.

Is situated in the town of Burans, 90 km of the capital Bishkek, many historians and archeologists say, that this town was once the capital of Karakhanid's khanate-town of Balasagun, and was founded in the middle of the 10th-century. The word 'Burana' drives from the Turkic word for minaret, munara.

On the territory of the architectural complex stand about 80 burial stones ('Balbal') from the Khanate state, 6th to 10th centuries, which were found in the whole region. A legend connected with the tower says that a witch warned a local king that his newly-born daughter would die once she reached the age of eighteen. To protect her, he built a tall tower where he sequestered his daughter. No one entered the tower, except the daughter's servant who brought her food. The daughter grew up alone and became a beautiful young lady. One day, however, a poisonous spider was hiding in the food brought by the servant. The spider bit the girl, and she died in the tower, at the age of eighteen.



Number around three hundred, most of them very crude stone slabs with a simple schematic protruding head and a few features such as eyes or breasts carved into the stone. Some twenty specimens, known as statue menhirs, are more complex, featuring ornaments, weapons, human or animal figures

Balbals are stone figures and can be found in the steppe regions and pastures, they represent the defeated enemies of the Turkic khans and were established in honor of deceased khans.

One of them is in the grass near the petroglyphs at Cholpon Ata; other figures were brought from different places to make an open air museum of balbals next to the Burana tower in the town of Tokmak near Bishkek

All over Central Asia, from Mongolia to Turkey, balbalscan be found, and is said to be the oldest evidence of the nomadic religious beliefs.

Many of these balbal figures have the cup at chest level. The cup is said to symbolize the enemy's submission and offer the service to their master in the next world.


Tash Rabat Caravansarai

"Tash-Rabat" (XV c.) caravanserai is unique architectural monument of the early Middle Ages and one of the main archeological sights of Kyrgyzstan, being a symbol of Tenir-Too mountain architecture. It is situated in tash Rabat picturesque canyon-gorge (Naryn region) on 3200 m height. In times of the Great Silk road Renaissance "Tash-Rabat" served as a caravanserai, in our understanding an original "hotel", coaching inn for merchants and travelers on ancient caravan roads from Transoxiana to Kashgar.

Tash-Rabat is excellently entered in surrounding landscape. It looks like symmetric, almost square building with several domes, consisting of big domed central hall (here elements of "ganch" – fired mud plaster and traces of paint survived) around which about 30 rooms are situated. The set of underground transitions, various confidential exits and "linden" (prison cells) survived under the fortress till now. They have been used for centuries as shelters for refugees and hermits, places for studying the religion. Tash-Rabat differed from usual construction schemes of this type by the absence of courtyards. Expressive architectural form, well ordered lay-out and brick walls say a lot about the skilful craftsmanship of builders, who have created this multipurpose construction. 

By the way, a few strokes about its builders. The history of Tash-Rabat construction is a little inconsistent. If to trust to documents it had been constructed under the order of local governor Mohammed Khan. But old people assert the following: "Tash-Rabat" had been constructed by the father and the son. When they had to put the last stone on a dome, they saw approaching caravan. The son left his work and decided to see what the people go there. "Wait"- father said – "Let’s finish the work first". But the son didn’t obey. He had left and never returned. As it was found out later, a young beautiful girl traveled with caravan. AndTash-Rabat still stands without a roof till now…

Nevertheless, Tash-Rabat continues to attract tourists’ attention. Besides, here is opportunity to make fascinating horseback rides to Chatyr-Kullake via the Pass.



KoshoyKorgon are the ruins of the small citadel not far from Kara-Suu village (province Naryn), about eight kilometers from At-Bashy. It dates to the period from the 10th to the 12th century, and it is said that legendary hero Manas buried his friend Koshoy here.And after his name named there village. Korgon( it means that place where human was buried or we can translate it as grave  )



Saimaly-Tash are interesting 5,000-year-old petroglyphs and from the archeological point of view necessary to see. The site, which means 'Embroidered Stones' in Kyrgyz, consists of 10,000 rock carvings and drawings, witch are found in the mountain called Suleiman in the Fergana range, near the town of Dmitrievka, which is located 50 km from Jalal-Abad.

The petroglyphs are over two slopes, most of them represent animals, such as ibex, wolves, horses, camels, snow leopards and even monkeys. Some of them represent hunting scenes, ritual dances, men working in the field with oxen and camels and there are also shamanic symbols.

The oldest images date from the Bronze Age, some are from Iron Age, other carvings and drawings are made by the Saks in the early Middle Ages and Turkic tribes.

The Kyrgyz believe that if they visit Saimaly-Tash they will be lucky…

The Institute of Archeology in Bishkek, supported by UNESCO and the UNDP, now explore burial mounds at Saimaly-Tash. The site is difficult to reach, there is no road to the valley, and only in the Summer months, it's to possible to go there from Dmitrievka on horseback.

And in history also says that time people wanted show their life with the help of painting on the stones.

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